Management of environment is possible only through concerted efforts of all the components of society such as the Government and Non-Governmental organizations, researchers, Environmental conservatists, Activists, as well as the general public.
The final controlling authority in most of the issues related to environmental management is the government itself. For example, most of the forest areas are owned by the government, only the government can build dams, roads, railways, etc. industrial or any other related activity cannot start without the approval of the government.
Similarly, government is directly or indirectly responsible for meeting the costs of floods, droughts, epidemics, and other environmental disasters. Therefore, the government has to apply various checks and controls so that the environment is managed properly. However, the management of environment cannot be successful until and unless everybody takes interest in it.
Take an example, the Ministry of Environment is entrusted with planning, protection and coordination of environment and forestry programmes. The Ministry is involved in conservation and survey of flora, fauna, forests and wildlife, prevention and control of pollution, afforestation, regeneration of degraded areas and protection of overall environment. To accomplish these tasks, the Ministry undertakes various measures. One of these takes is the assessment of environmental impact prior to implementing any project, which cane damaged environment. A study has to be made to evaluate its possible impact on environment and steps are suggested so that least damage is caused to environment when the project is implemented.
For example, if a dam has to be built on a river, assessment is made as to the type of environmental problems that the dam will cause when built.There may be many kinds of environmental problems like saltation of the reservoir, water logging in the area, submerging of forests, displacement of the population, etc. Corrective measure have to the am can be avoided. The Ministry implements various pollution control was directly and through the Central and State Pollution Control Boards. These agencies are responsible for controlling the discharge of wastes and pollutants into the environment.
Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.– Margaret Mead
But regardless, while it is becoming increasingly evident that environmental problems such as climate change and global warming constitute existential threats to human societies, these problems will very likely persist and even intensify unless governments enact effective and potentially costly environmental policies. However, government policies and spending ultimately rely on public support, thus underscoring the need to increase present knowledge about the processes underlying citizens’ policy attitudes.
We all need to take part in conserving the environment. It is our solemn duty. The government to do its part, and us as the citizens to do our part. And unless we all come together and work as a team, lots of our efforts will stall, and the problem will continue to be on the rise.